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江西自学考试英语(二)历年真题及答案

作者:江西自考网 来源:www.jxsdcj.com 发布日期:2018-03-08

 

第一部分  选择题(共20分)

一、阅读判断题(第1-10题,每题1分,共10分)

下面的短文后列出了10个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断:如果该句提供的是正确的信息,选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,选择C。在答题卡相应位置上将答案选项涂黑。

Using Music to Change Your Mood

Everyone knows that listening to music when feeling bad can provide arelief. Music can also reduce stress, make depression more bearable and helpyou relax.

All the benefits of music can only be got if the listener enjoys the musiche is listening to. If the listener dislikes the music or finds it boring, itwill have a negative effect on him instead of a positive one.

Now let’s examine what most of us do when it comes to listening to music.We usually just listen to a play list and allow a program to randomly (任意地)select the songs we are going to listen to.

This is where the problem lies. What if you liked the first song but foundthe second one boring? What if the third one was a motivating song while thefourth didn’t suit your emotions? What do you think the result will be?

What you’ll have is an emotional mess! The first song will lift your mood alittle. The second will make you a little bored. The third will motivate youand then the fourth will put you down. In the end you’ll end up feeling worsethan before.

I strongly recommend dividing your play list into different small lists.For example, a list for relaxation, a list for motivation and so on. Anothervery important thing you must do is to get rid of the old music that you arebored of. Besides, don’t listen to songs with negative words or messages.

The music you listen to can delay your recovery from breakups(分手)by months and months! People who listen to romantic songs after breakupsrecover 10 times slower than those who don’t. So be careful with your play listif you want to recover faster.

 

  1. 1.      Music is believed to have a comforting effect.

  2. A.    True         B. False          C. Not Given

  3. 2.      One can benefit from all kinds of music.

  4. A.    True         B. False          C. Not Given

  5. 3.      People tend to listen to music selectively.

  6. A.    True          B. False          C. Not Given

  7. 4. People generally prefer motivating songs.

  8. A.    True          B. False          C. Not Given

  9. 5. You should listen to songs that suit youremotions.

  10. A.    True          B. False          C. Not Given

  11. 6. It’s advisable to have different lists ofsongs.

  12. A.    True          B. False          C. Not Given

  13. 7. You should remove all of the old musicfrom your list.

  14. A.    True          B. False          C. Not Given

  15. 8. People should listen to songs withpositive words.

  16. A.    True          B. False          C. Not Given

  17. 9. Romantic songs help people recover frombreakups faster.

  18. A.    True          B. False          C. Not Given

  19. 10. Many people like romantic songs.

  20. A.    True          B. False          C. Not Given

 

二、阅读选择(第11-15题,每题2分,共10分)

阅读下面短文,请从短文后所给各题的4个选项(ABCD)中选出1个最佳选项,并在答题卡相应位置上将该项涂黑。

 

Just Introduce Yourself

It’sso easy to walk into your first job and feel like a stranger in a strange hand.But you don’t have to stay that way, and you shouldn’t.

Youhave to remind yourself to kick your shyness away and introduce yourself. Justa handshake will do. Ask the supervisor who hired you to introduce you around abit. That’s the best way to make contacts. Then you’ll know what to do and saywhen you meet these people again.

Don’tdo what my friend Sue did at her first job at Entertainment Weekly. “That is one of my biggest regrets; I hardlytalked to anyone at all when I was there. I was scared and just thought peoplewould talk to me first. For a long time, I was hung up on the thought thatif someone was older, I respected them automatically. And even if someonestarted on Monday, and I started Tuesday, I just felt they had more experience.In the area I worked for four months. I hardly spoke to these people, ” shesaid.

“Ofcourse, now I realize that was the most stupid thing.  If I could do that again, I’d remember thatit’s so important not to feel shy about introducing yourself. It’s not like youhave to be very bold, ready to take over the place. Just introduce yourself andask if there is anything you can do for them. That breaks the ice.”

Suebelieves that if she had introduced herself around a bit, there would be justno telling what other opportunities or what other acquaintances she might havenow. Not that she regrets where she is now at all. But had she talked to morepeople at her first job, “maybe it would have helped me get somewhere sooner,”she said.

 

11. How do people usually feel when meetingpeople at their first job?

  1. A. Curious    B. Excited      C. Shy         D. Puzzled

  2. 12. When Sue started her firstjob, she  ____.

   A. shook hands withcolleagues        B. waited for others totalk to her

   C. introduced herselfaround           D. asked her supervisorfor help

13. “I was hung up on the thought” in Paragraph 3 probably means “I____.”

   A. learned       B. admitted      C. believed      D. guessed

14. What did Sue suggest we do at our first job?

   A. Make active contacts withothers.     B. Stay humble before theolder staff.

   C. Seize every possibleopportunity.     D. Get ready to takeover the place.

15. In talking about her first job experience, Sue expressed a sense of____.

   A. failure       B. longing      C. relief         D. regret

 

第二部分  非选择题(共80分)

三、概括段落大意和补全句子(第16-25题,每题1分,共10分)

阅读下面短文,请完成短文后的2项测试任务:(1)从第16-20题后所给的6个选项中为第Œ-段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)从第21-25题后所给的6个选项中选择5个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。将正确选项写到答题卡相应位置上。

The Woman behind the Brooklyn Bridge

Œ John Rocbling planned to build the Brooklyn Bridge before 1867. But henever really got started. In 1869, he died of an accident. The job fell to hisson Washington, a master of construction. In 1872, Washington was injured inbuilding the bridge. He could not walk any longer. He could only see thebuilding of the bridge from his window. But his mind was still fresh. How couldhe get his ideas down to the workers?

  That’s where Emily came in. Emilyand Washington married in 1865. At that time John was planning the bridge. Hesent his son around the world to study bridges. Emily went along with herhusband and learnt much about bridge building. When John died and Washingtonbecame the boss, she taught herself more about bridge building. She wanted tohelp her husband with his new job.

Ž Emily regularly came to the building site. She gave Washington’sinstructions to the workers. And then she took questions back to him. However,as time went on, her role started to change. Soon, workers saw her as the newboss. As she had more and more knowledge, she became the chief engineer. Shemet with officials, discussed with other engineers, and instructed the workers.

 Emily also helped to solve problems outside the building site. Somepeople once questioned her husband’s ability to head the bridge building. Andthe American Society of Civil Engineers would think about replacing him. Emilywent to meet the group. She gave a speech in defense of her husband. The groupfinally decided to keep him on the job.

  It took up 14 years to build thebridge. For 11 of those years, Emily was the one in charge. The bridge finallyopened on May 24, 1883. She was one of the first people to cross the bridge.Emily never planned on becoming an engineer, but she turned out to be a greatone.

  1. A.     How long  did it take to build the bridge?

  2. B.      Why did  Emily give a speech?

  3. C.      How did  Emily pick up bridge building?

  4. D.     What  happened to John and Washington?

  5. E.      How did  Emily feel about her work?

  6. F.       What role  did Emily play in building the bridge?

Task1

16. ParagraphŒ

17. Paragraph

18. ParagraphŽ

19. Paragraph

20. Paragraph

 

Task2

A. Emily began to play a bigger role

B. to defend her husband

C. Washington went to study bridges

D. to express her thanks

E. Washington took over the job

F. to build the bridge

21. After his father died, ____.

22. Accompanied by Emily, ____.

23. As time went on, ____.

24. Emily gave a speech ____.

25. It took fourteen years ____.

 

 

 

四、填句补文(第26-30题,每题2分,共10分)

下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有的位置,以恢复文章原貌,并将答案写到答题卡相应位置上。

Playing Games—Not Only Fun

Formany people, playing games is a way to have some fun. __26__It is a great wayto keep your mental health in check. Actually, anything that requires you to dosome thinking will help you keep your brain healthy.

You maysay that this sounds great but you just don’t have the time to do it. If youwant to improve your mental health, you will make time for it. __27__You canexercise your brain before work and while the rest of your family is still inbed. This can greatly change your attitude for the rest of the day.

Turnthe TV off in the evening and spend some time playing games alone or with afamily member. __28__Try a variety of new games, too. This way, you don’t getbored playing the same one all the time.

Mostgames offer several different levels. To get the most exercise for your brain,start out with the easy stuff.__29__As your level of skill improves, go on tochallenge your brain by moving into more advanced levels of the game.

Findthe games that you really enjoy playing. Keeping your brain sharp with suchgames is really going to pay off for you in many ways.  __30__You will find that you have less stressand that it is easier to make decisions. You will also find that your memory isimproving.

  1. A.    However, it can also help you exercise your  brain.

  2. B.     You can also invite friends over to play games  with you.

  3. C.     Set aside about 30 minutes a day when you can  play games.

  4. D.    This is especially true if you are new to a game.

  5. E.     Playing games can help you make new friends.

  6. F.      You will be surprised at how much it improves  your life.

 

五、填词补文(第31-40题,每题1.5分,共15分)

下面的短文有10处空白,短文后列出12个词,其中10个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有的位置,以恢复文章原貌,并将答案写在答题卡相应位置上。

Haveyou ever failed? If not, it is __31__that you never taken a __32__on tryinganything new, or else you are lying.

Thereis nothing __33__ with failing, as long as you learn from your mistakes, modifyyour approach and try again. In fact, the more often you fail, the sooner itwill be that you __34__succeed, provided that you do learn and keep trying.

You can__35__ only from experience and you get experience only from having a go atsomething. It may be more __36__to succeed, but you can __37__learn more from failing. This is only if youare observant and take __38__of what you are doing and which things have workedand which haven’t. You then need to __39__ what has happened, alter your__40__  and move on.

So gofor it! You will eventually get there—unless you stop trying.

 

A .analyze

E. direction

I. special

  1. B.     pleasant

F. finally

J. grow

  1. C.     probable

G. start

K. wrong

  1. D.    actually

H. chance

L. note

 

六、完型补文(第41-50题,每题1.5分,共15分)

下面的短文有10处空白,每处空白后的括号内有一个词,请根据短文内容将其正确的形式填入文中,以恢复文章原貌,并将答案写在答题卡相应的位置上。

Voice and Text Chatting

Voice chat andtext chat are quickly (quick) becoming preferred ways of communicatingwith others online. For language __41__ (learner) , these forms ofcommunication __42__ (able) them to share ideas about themselves and the worldin almost real time. They can establish friendships with people from around theglobe. Thus, it can be an easy way to learn languages and world __43__(culture).

 However, care and consideration should be__44__(give) when you are looking for friends on the Internet because you__45__ (real) don’t know who the person is at the other end. Thus, never giveout personal information __46__ (include) your name, age, where you live, andthe name of the school you attend. Also, be __47__ (care)  about meeting online acquaintances in person,and if you do so, make sure it is in a public place and go with a friend or afamily member. __48__ (final), contact local authorities if you feel you are indanger. Again, chatting with others can be an enjoyable and __49__ (education)activity if you use care when __50__ (do) so.

七、短文写作(第51题,30分)

请根据所提供材料中的要求完成一篇100词左右的英文写作任务。将你的答案写在答题卡相应的位置上。

51.

    某英文报社正在举办题为“I like Playing  Sports”的征文活动。请就此题目写一篇英文短文应征。内容包括以下两个方面:

  • 你经常做什么体育运动?

  • 体育运动对你有哪些好处?

 

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